School of MRI > Courses 2018 > eLearning: Advanced Course on Applied MR Techniques
eLearning: Advanced Course on Applied MR Techniques

The eLearning course will take place in winter 2018. Furthermore, the course extends over a period of seven consecutive weeks consisting of seven modules taking place always at 6 pm (CET) on the following Mondays:


Course Organiser:
Eva Scheurer



The aim of this course:
You are not a physicist or a biomedical engineer, but of course you already heard about spins and k-space, and you know the basics about relaxation times. However, the more you know the more aspects come up which would be useful for your
daily MRI practice. ESMRMB therefore newly offers you an Advanced Course on Applied MR Techniques that helps you deepening your basic knowledge and prepares you to facing problems, questions and pitfalls in your daily MRI routine and
research. The eLearning course consists of 6 modules of 60 minutes which take place once a week and a self-assessment test. Thus, the course extends over a period of 7 weeks. Each module consists of a presentation in form of a live lecture
given by experienced teachers, and additionally offers direct interaction with the speaker with question/answer time at the end of each module. The presentations can be followed on any computer with internet access.
The Advanced Course on Applied MR Techniques is particularly aimed at medical doctors (e.g. residents in radiology), radiographers, biologists and technicians who work with MRI or have an interest in using MRI for research. Participants do not necessarily need extensive experience in MR techniques and MR physics, however, the previous attendance of the Basic Course on Applied MR Techniques is highly recommended.

Goals of the course:

Attendance at the Advanced Course on Applied MR Techniques
will enable you to
  • enhance the understanding of signal and contrast generation in MR images;
  • use basic and advanced MR sequences for your clinical questions and avoid pitfalls;
  • assess and enhance image quality by optimizing sequence and imaging parameters;
  • understand advanced MRI techniques such as diffusion imaging, perfusion sequences, functional MRI and spectroscopy;
  • ensure safe application of MRI by knowing and assessing advanced safety risks

Learning Objectives

Objective 1:
Repetition: The physical basis of nuclear magnetic resonance

  • Magnetic field
  • Spin and magnetic moment
  • Spin precession and Larmor frequency
  • Magnetic properties of nuclei
  • Resonance
  • FID
  • Fourier transform
  • Relaxation, T1 and T2

Objective 2:
Repetition: Formation of the imaging

  • Gradients
  • Localization principles
  • Slice selection and slice parameters
  • Frequency encoding
  • Notion of phase encoding

Data sampling, image reconstruction & practical examples

  • Sampling techniques (Cartesian, radial, spiral)
  • Oversampling, undersampling
  • 2D / 3D Fourier reconstruction
  • Artifacts

Objective 3:
Repetition: Basic clinical sequences, tissue contrast and image quality

  • Image quality: contrast, spatial resolution and Signal-to-Noise Ratio
  • Main artifacts
  • Tissue parameters and pathological variations
  • Spin echo sequence and parameters: TR, TE
  • Proton density, T1- and T2-weighting
  • Slice thickness, FOV, Matrix size
  • Gradient echo techniques and steady state free precession (SSFP)
  • Spoiling techniques and T1 contrast
  • Contrast-enhanced-SSFP and T2* contrast
  • Saturation pulses

Practical image optimization

  • SNR, CNR
  • Resolution, scan time
  • FOV, matrix size
  • 2D vs. 3D
  • Adjusting bandwidth
  • Avoiding artifacts

Objective 4:
More clinical sequences & applications

  • Inversion recovery sequences (STIR, FLAIR)
  • Fat suppression techniques
  • Susceptibility weighted imaging
  • Flow sensitive sequences

Objective 5:
Advanced sequences & applications

  • Diffusion
  • Perfusion
  • Functional MRI
  • Spectroscopy

Objective 6:
Advanced safety issues

  • Repetition basic principles
  • Potential hazards and risks
  • Implants
  • Nerve stimulation
  • Heating
  • Acoustic noise
  • Claustrophobia
  • Pregnancy
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